The “Nuclear Option” was used by Senate Republicans on Wednesday to change the chamber’s rules.
What is a Nuclear Option?
NUCLEAR OPTION is a parliamentary procedure that allows the United States Senate to override the 60-vote rule to close debate, by a simple majority of 51 votes, rather than the two-thirds supermajority normally required to amend the rules.
Example: Scenario of how the Senate works if it was family:
Take a Family of 5 have to agree to select the Family Vacation.
Scenario Example under Current Rules:
3 of the 5 (60%) family members must agree on a single destination.
Scenario Example under "Nuclear Option" Rules:
2 family members picks a location no one wants to visits. Then both claimed they are the Majority because it's their turn to pay the bill. So, they say just forget the normal rules because we are paying, So, We are going to Wally's World.
So according to NBC NEWS in article posted by Dartunorro Clark --
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell led the efforts for this option, coming after Republicans failed to adopt a resolution to change the chamber's rules so that non-Cabinet level executive and district court nominations would face only two hours of floor debate rather than 30 before a confirmation vote.
The Senate's action on Wednesday lasted through the afternoon. The chamber first voted 51-48 largely along party lines to change its rules to slash debate time for sub-Cabinet level executive branch nominees, and took the same action, also mostly on party lines, in the early evening for district court judges.
McConnell, R-Ky-- said on the Senate floor Wednesday before the first vote.
“This systematic obstruction is unfair to our duly elected president and, more importantly, it is disrespectful to the American people who deserve the government they elected.”
“We cannot set this new precedent that the Senate minorities will systematically keep an administration understaffed down to the least controversial nominees anytime they wish somebody else had won the election.”
Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y.,
said before the floor vote
“I am sorry, so sorry, my Republican colleagues have gone along with Senator McConnell's debasement of the Senate. To do this for such blatantly political ends is simply unworthy of this institution."
McConnell's move marks the third time in six years that the majority party employed the procedure to overcome minority opposition, allowing an action previously subject to a filibuster, and thus a 60-vote threshold, to pass with a simple 51-vote majority.
In 2013, Democrats used the move to eliminate the 60-vote threshold to confirm executive branch and non-Supreme Court judicial nominations under President Barack Obama. Republicans did the some to clear the way for Supreme Court nominations, confirming Neil Gorsuch to the high court in 2017 and Brett Kavanaugh last year.
Democrats opposed Wednesday's action, arguing it would reduce the role of debate in the Senate and diminish the minority party's power, making its operations more like those of the House.
Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt.
“short-sighted, partisan power grab” and “an erosion of the Senate’s” advise and consent role.